Tensions in Kashmir

The Kashmir issue has long been neglected by the international community, despite the very clear UN Security Council resolutions that require the issue to be settled by a referendum of the Kashmiri people themselves.

But, now, the world cannot ignore the situation. India’s unilateral measures changing the status of the part of Kashmir under its control and dividing the territory into two separate entities by removing Ladakh from Kashmir, while at the same time sending in tens of thousands of extra troops, risks inflaming an already tense and volatile situation.

Already the UN Human Rights Report on Kashmir of June 14 2018, updated on 8 July 2019, highlighted the dramatic situation in which the Indian army in Kashmir acts with legal impunity, facing no legal consequences for using pellet guns as a means of crowd control despite them blinding and even killing numerous protesters, nor needing to face charges for the numerous allegations of sexual violence, abductions, or attacks on journalists. That situation has been exacerbated by the sending of yet more troops, the expulsion of foreign visitors (including media), and a media and communications blackout, even cutting off communications via internet and telephone.

The international community must take this issue up in no uncertain terms. Donald Trump’s offer to mediate, while not very credible coming from him, highlights the fact that this is no mere bilateral matter. Some 20 percent of the world’s population live in India and Pakistan, two nuclear armed states, and the consequences of any escalation of the crisis could be enormous.

The UN Security Council must return to the issue.The EU must use the leverage it has in the trade negotiations underway with India. It should also look at travel sanctions on the perpetrators of human rights violations in Kashmir. Britain should be part of that effort and should also use its bilateral and Commonwealth channels.

Whilst de-escalation of tension, reversal of the unilateral constitutional changes and an end to human rights violations, must be the immediate priority, ultimately the underlying causes of the conflict must be addressed. The Kashmiri people must decide their own future, but do it in a context of reconciliation and tolerance. Europe’s experiences in reconciling former enemies show that such things are possible. Britain and Ireland’s experience from the Northern Ireland peace process, as regards setting up cooperative structures between the UK and Irish governments, power sharing, and granting everyone there the right to either (or both) passports could also help.

But the key is to persuade India that it is in its own interests to settle the conflict. And it is, for three reasons:

  • the enormous cost of its military deployment in Kashmir
  • the blemish to its reputation created by the deteriorating human rights situation
  • the enormous human, economic and political benefits of resolving this long standing conflict which has held up cooperation in South Asia

We all need to make that case.

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4 Comments

  1. No doubt Kashmir needs referendum but India is not ready because killing of kashmiries in last 72 years,kashmiries do not want to live with India.
    BRITAIN can do a lot by asking Indian government.
    Indian army and police are killing innocents and it must be stopped.

  2. Dear Mr. Corbett,

    Please look at the map once again. What you see as Northern Areas was carved out as a new “Gilgit state” and absorbed into Pakistan a few years ago. This is no different than what India did with splitting Laddakh and J&K. The area called “Ajaad Kashmir” is a small stub that is neither Ajad (free) nor Kashmir. Its leaders have to take an oath to support accession to Pakistan and Pakistan assembly controls all affairs. Either you are being naive or being a hypocrite. Either way, I think you need to talk to experts who have some clue what is going on there.

    Politics is not going to solve the Kashmir problem — certainly not the British politics that has made a mess of its relationship with EU and made Britain a laughing stock of the world. Try focusing your energies on stopping the stupid Brexit or at least the damages it would cause to British and world economy. Good luck and best wishes!

    -Vishal

  3. British created all this mess in India. India has faced problems like cross border terrorism, poverty and nepotism because of earlier special privileges. Of course there is a communication block that will be removed soon. Pakistan and separatists are spreading propaganda and rumours. Why Pakistan is giving shelter to terrorists, why is no one speaking about it. Dear MEP this problem is not about authoritarianism or greed, it is about country prosperity and unity.

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